What is ADHD?
ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder and is caused by neurological dysfunction in various parts of the brain which results in certain neurotransmitters, for example; dopamine and noradrenaline. ADHD is a treatable condition and those who received treatment can go on to have successful and happy lives.
What are the signs of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Typically, ADHD is described as being made up of three core groups of difficulties and behaviours. There are two subtypes of ADHD that can be diagnosed – predominantly inattentive subtype and the predominantly hyperactive subtype.
1. 1. The Predominantly Inattentive Subtype (Attention Deficit Disorder)
Typically, children whom receive a diagnosis of ADD display difficulties with attention, are distractible and typically their short term memory and learning are affected.
Common symptoms of inattentiveness:
- High levels of distractibility
- Difficulties remembering instructions
- Difficulty completing homework
- Inability to complete a task without redirection and help from others
- Slow to complete work
2. The predominantly Hyperactive Subtype:
Typically, children whom receive a diagnosis of the predominantly hyperactive subtype of ADHD typically present as being; impulsive, have poor self-monitoring, reduced danger awareness and they also experience social difficulties, including; difficulties with turn-taking in conversation and difficulties maintaining friendships.
Common symptoms of impulsivity:
- Lots of energy
- Reduced concentration
- Running and climbing are lots
- Problems making and retaining friends
- Being impulsive
- Difficulties learning from consequences
- Shouting out in class
- Difficulty staying on topic in conversation
- Talking over others in conversations
- Difficulties remaining on topic in conversations
Difficulties remaining on tasks any length of time
3. The combined type of both ADHD / ADD – most children fall into this category and display a combination above indicators.
What is the assessment of ADHD /ADD
The assessment of ADHD is completed by a psychologist or psychiatrist and is inclusive of;
- A parental clinical interview
- An assessment of emotional and behavioural functioning
- Assessment of learning
- Teacher interview
- School observation
- The completion of questionnaires
- The staffs at Inspire MDT are very experienced in the assessment of Attention Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder. This assessment falls
- Under the costing of a general clinical psychology assessment.
Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder / Attention Deficit Disorder
If your child has been assessed, then a psychologist can indicate whether their difficulties are consistent with a diagnosis of ADHD. Children can then be referred to the local Child and Adolescent Mental Health Team (CAMHS) where medication from a psychiatrist is available, should the parents want to go down this route.
Alternatively, psychological support and intervention is available to help both the child and their family. School support is also available from a psychologist.
Available therapeutic interventions from Inspire MDT include:
- Parental Support and Education
- Individual Therapy
- Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Speech and Language Therapy
- School Based Interventions